Thursday, February 21, 2019

Pelvic Floor Therapy: More Than Just Kegels

As pelvic floor therapists, we offer a non-surgical approach to treating a variety of pelvic floor related disorders such as bladder conditions, pelvic organ prolapse, bowel conditions, pelvic pain, pain with sex and sexual dysfunction, diastases recti and many other correlated musculoskeletal dysfunctions. One of the most common pelvic dysfunctions that we see at PTW is urinary incontinence.
Q: What is Urinary Incontinence?
A: Urinary incontinence is known as the “loss of bladder control” or “urinary leakage”. The 3 most common types are:

Stress: loss of urine with activity, due to an increase in abdominal pressure.
Patients often report leakage with laughing, coughing, sneezing and/or while exercising.  This may be due to the bladder and urethra being hypermobile (moving too much) or the internal sphincter (the muscular ring which stops the flow of urine from the bladder to the urethra) is deficient.  Common causes of this are child birth/pregnancy and menopause. Child birth/pregnancy results in weakness of the pelvic floor, which causes leakages. While menopause, due to the reduction in the production of female hormone estrogen, weakens the urethral tissue.
Urge: loss of urine with the sudden urge to go to the bathroom. 
Most often patients have leakage while quickly trying to get to the bathroom and may have a sense of incomplete emptying.  There are often common triggers that your physical therapist can identify with you. Common triggers mentioned in the clinic are:
  • “Every time I get home and put the key in the door, I have to go”
  • “Each time I get in the car I need the bathroom”
  • “When it’s really cold out I really need the bathroom”

Often the cause is that your bladder contracts when you don’t want it to because it is overactive.

Mixed: This is usually a combination of both stress and urge.

Q: How common is Urinary Incontinence?A: Although both men and women often find it difficult to speak to their doctor about their incontinence, it is a lot more common than most people think. It affects around 25 million adult Americans each year.   In America, around 19.5 billion dollars are spent each year on incontinence diagnosis, with only 8% of this being spent on treatments such as physical therapy. 

Q: Hang on, isn’t leakage just part of getting old?A:  I am sure that you have all seen the television advertisements, and the numerous aisles with incontinence pads/liners/and underwear products in your local pharmacy and grocery store, but incontinence should not be accepted as a normal part of aging.  Incontinence affects all ages, and when not addressed, it increases the risk of other medical complications such as skin break down and infections. 

Q: How can physical therapy help?
A:  At PTW, pelvic floor treatments and assessments are an hour one-on-one with your therapist in a private room.  A thorough pelvic health history is taken and your personal goals are discussed followed by an examination of your lower back, hips, pelvis and peroneal area and muscles (if indicated).  From the examination findings, a treatment plan and goals will be developed by you and your therapist.  Your therapist may ask you to take a bladder diary home with you to complete so that your bladder habits can be looked at in more detail. 

Common treatments that may be performed:
Pelvic floor muscle training: It is NOT just doing Kegels.   Your therapist will instruct you on how to correctly train both the power and the endurance of your pelvic floor muscles, and most importantly how to relax the muscles.  These will be performed in positions where gravity is initially eliminated, then progressed to against gravity and finally with functional activities. 

Biofeedback:  This is used to help you learn how to contract and relax your muscles. Electrodes are placed over the muscles to measure muscle activity.  This information then links to a computer or a hand held monitor so that you can visually see when your muscles are activated.

Electrical stimulation: This is used to supplement Kegels to further strengthen the muscles.

Hip, core and lower back strengthening

Bladder retraining: By reviewing your bladder diary, your therapist will provide strategies on how to progress voiding intervals, for correct bladder emptying and education on healthy bladder habits.

Manual therapy:  Soft tissue mobilizations, visceral mobilizations, trigger point release, cupping, joint mobilizations and stretches will be performed to address any myofascial restrictions, tight or painful tissues or restricted joints.   

Tips for maintaining a healthy bladder:
  1. Do NOT perform Kegels while peeing
  2. Urinate every 3-4 hours,  5-7 times in 24 hours
  3. Sit on the toilet, take your time and do not strain
  4. No “just in case” peeing when you leave the house
  5. Pee before and after having sex
  6. Drink plenty of water to keep hydrated, approximately 50% of your body weight in ounces per day
  7. Avoid alcohol, caffeinated, carbonated and sugary drinks as these can irritate your bladder

If you have any questions in regards to your pelvic health or would like to schedule an appointment with our Pelvic Health Specialist Katie Barnett, PT DPT you can contact her at either our Lansdale location 215-855-9871 or at our Glenside location 215-887-2001.

Monday, January 21, 2019

Achilles Tendon Injury and Recovery for Eagles' Star Brandon Brooks


Achilles Tendon Injury and Recovery for Eagles' Star Brandon Brooks

The Eagles season did not end the way many had envisioned it and it does not look to be off to a good start next year either. Two- time pro-bowler, Brandon Brooks was carted off the field in the Eagles last playoff game against the New Orleans Saints and did not return. After the Eagles' unfortunate loss, news did not get any better, as it came out that Brandon Brooks had suffered a torn Achilles Tendon. The Eagles had an injury-riddled season which many fans believe had a lot to do with their up and down season. Now fans might be asking themselves, what exactly is a torn Achilles tendon? What is the recovery like? How long will the Eagles star player be out? And will this type of injury affect future performance?

An Achilles tendon tear is when the tendon at the back of your ankle breaks (complete tear) or rips (partial tear). This type of injury can occur in a few different ways; sudden bending up of the foot when the calf muscle is engaged, direct trauma, or chronic tendonitis. If you watch the video of the injury, you can see Brandon Brooks’ ankle is bent as he is attempting to push forward to drive his opponent backward, causing too much stress on his tendon and therefore rupturing.  A snapping sound, pain, lack of ability to push off with your foot, and bruising of your calf often accompany an injury like this. Now that we know what kind of injury we are dealing with we can look at the recovery process and when Brandon Brooks can get back on the field.
 
Protocols and timelines can vary from person to person and can depend on the exact type of surgery performed as well. The following is a general timeline for recovery. Initially after surgery the patient will be non-weight bearing for roughly 3 weeks and progress to full weight bearing in a boot around 6 weeks. Gentle active range of motion can start around 4 weeks and passive range of motion around 6 weeks. Strengthening of surrounding musculature can start around 6 weeks, but strengthening of involved musculature does not start until around 8 weeks. The reason for such a long, cautious recovery is to allow proper healing of the tendon to the bone since this is a powerful muscle that is used every time we stand, walk, run, and jump. Gradual progression of resistance/strengthening exercises occurs up to 6 months before starting more intensive sport specific strengthening. Most rehabilitation programs allow patients to return to physically demanding sports by 9 months.

Brandon Brooks experienced a very serious injury that will take a long time to recover, but a full recovery can be expected. After surgery, physical therapy will play a large role in monitoring and initiating appropriate stretching and strengthening exercises at the right time.  Progression will depend on the physiological healing of the tendon, and the amount of range of motion and strength that is gained each day of recovery. Once the tendon is deemed “well healed” by the surgeon, physical therapy will then be able to progress Brandon Brooks to sport specific strengthening exercises/activities that will allow him to get back on the field and help the Eagles back to the Super Bowl. If Brandon Brooks follows this general time line, Eagles fans can expect him to return to the field around October.

PTW’s AJ Moyer, PT, DPT is a staff physical therapist at our Souderton and Harleysville clinics. For an initial evaluation, call AJ at 267.382.0433 today! 

Friday, January 18, 2019

Beating the Winter Blues

BEAT THE BLUES

Winter can be a very frustrating time for many people.   Activity level goes down because the temperature drops, days get shorter, and the weather can make it hard to get around.   Winter is actually known for being the highest time for being diagnosed with depression, hence “The Winter Blues”.   However, what if I told you there are some things anybody can do to “Beat the Blues”?   And, what if I told you that it is as simple as taking 25-30 minutes a day to just exercise?    It’s that simple!   Here’s the catch though.   Most people don’t know or understand how to safely exercise in their own homes.   I will give you a quick idea of how simple exercise can be to give you the boost you need this winter.  
           
First, you have to forget the concept that exercise has to be done with equipment or in a gym, and it doesn’t need to make you tired.   Moderate exercise is also known as “walk and talk” exercise.  You should be able to hold a conversation even though you are exercising.  This ensures that you are not pushing too hard and causing unnecessary fatigue.    And remember exercise is simply “planned activity”.   Exercise can be anything!  It can be going up and down your stairs, sitting and standing in your chair repeatedly, or just walking laps around your house.   The beauty of exercising is you can find what you like, and make it fun.  
Second, get yourself moving for those 25-30 minutes!  Studies by the Center for Disease Control (CDC) show that daily moderate exercise of 25-30 minutes lowers anxiety and depression, reduces risk of heart and brain conditions, decreases falls risk, and improves overall well being.   All of this is what helps you “Beat the Blues”.   Some options I already mentioned are just doing simple stair climbing, repeated sit to stands, or just walking.  Some other options include, marching in place, leg kick outs while sitting, push-ups (if able), or sit-ups (if able).  Remember these should all feel like a moderate intensity, not too hard and not too easy.   And they should never cause pain.  (Consult a physician or medical provider if pain limits your activity).

 Lastly, get your friends involved!  Group exercise is shown to improve the psychological benefits of exercise.   If the weather permits, meet us with your friends and walk in the mall or at the gym.   Or, just give them a call and exercise while talking on the phone.   This also helps you stay more compliant with the program, and it gives you a buddy to hold you more accountable.    According to the CDC’s Physical Activity Guide for Americans, group exercise not only improves your compliance to a program but also your desire to be active.  If you want to exercise, it is much easier to stay active, healthy, and “Beat the Blues”. 

So remember, all you need to do to “Beat the Blues” is get moving 25-30 minutes of your day! And grab a buddy for a little extra push!  It’s that easy!  
           

Brandon Lewandowski  PT, DPT is Clinical Supervisor of PTW's newest location in Horsham, PA! To schedule a visit with Brandon call 215.394.5893

Friday, December 7, 2018

What Is Wrong with Markelle Fultz?


Markelle Fultz and Thoracic Outlet Syndrome


Some Philly sports fans out there may have heard about Markelle Fultz’s new diagnosis of Thoracic Outlet Syndrome (TOS), which may be what is causing his shot to look awkward and unnatural. TOS is an injury in the area of the neck and shoulder that is classified as compression of nerves, arteries, and veins that travel through a small space called the thoracic outlet. At times one or all of these structures are being compressed. If the arteries or veins are obstructed than you can experience symptoms such as pain in the arm, numbness/tingling, discoloration, temperature changes, and a weakened pulse. When the nerves are affected symptoms involve muscle weakness, muscle wasting, numbness/tingling, and pain down the arm.

In Fultz’s case his nerves are being compressed, which makes it difficult for him to control the muscles needed to shoot a basketball due to the weakness and inability to coordinate the appropriate motions. The compression on these structures is caused by either tight muscles of the neck (scalenes) and/or the first rib or clavicle or also called collar bone. In rare cases an extra rib is present at birth, but this is not present in most of the population.

Fultz’s specialist has recommended physical therapy to help resolve this problem, which can help in a few different ways. One way is stretching of those particular neck muscles combined with soft tissue massage to increase flexibility and reduce the overall tension on the nuerovascular structures. A second way physical therapy can resolve TOS is by performing mobilizations of the first rib and clavicle to increase mobility and facilitate proper movement of the bones/joints, thereby relieving compression on the nerves or vascular structures. A third way physical therapy can help is by correcting poor posture which can be a contributing factor to the underlying issue. We can do this by educating patients on proper posture and certain stretching/strengthening techniques for affected muscles. Often times a combination of all three of these treatments techniques are used to help resolve the TOS. The report is that Fultz is going to be out 3-6 weeks while receiving physical therapy so that he can have sufficient time to address his specific deficits to reduce the compression on his nerves.

Mark Romano PT, DPT is the newest PTW Clinical Supervisor in  our Glenside location. To schedule an appointment or evaluation call Mark at (215) 887-2001 today!